(1) 不要在没有搜查令的情况下自愿地让警察搜查你,你的车,或是你的房子。

永远不要给予政府官员(包括警察)允许权去搜查你,你的财产,你的车,你的房子,或是其他任何你有权控制的东西,除非他们能出示由法官签发的有效搜查文件。如果你礼貌的要求看搜查令,你并不是故意刁难,或粗鲁,挑衅对方,而是因为你只是行使拒绝无理搜查的基本权利,这是美国宪法第四修正法案所保障的权利。法官可以拒绝给予警察人员申请搜查令的要求,当他们不具备足够的证据来申请签发搜查令时,或者他们希望能搜查并找到证据来指控你的罪行,这被称作是审前盘问,非法调查。

除了上面所说的,如果他们能提供搜查令,你就没有权利拒绝,并要允许他们搜查。如果他们不能提供搜查令,并且在你拒绝搜查后他们仍旧搜查,不要干扰或阻止他们。只需打电话给我。

(2) 不要对执法部门自愿招供。

我总是惊讶有如此多的人不知道这件事,你不需要配合,当警察来和你谈及关于犯罪的事情时。 简单的来说,你有权保持沉默,但这项原则常常被忽视。我强烈建议你,一直行使这项权利直到你和我先进行谈论。往往你认为无辜的,或是你认为有帮助的话语,常会被扭曲和歪曲最终成让你看起来有罪,即使你是无罪的。

我的意思不是让真正无辜的你,不为警方提供任何信息去帮助他们破案,而是你应该做到的是,让我在你身边协助你。当我行使我的权利和你私下交流,评估情况,并告知你潜在的风险后,再去行动。

(3) 千万不要拒绝拘捕。

这是另外一点我相信可以用您的常识去解释通的。试想一下,无论你用什么方法想着去逃脱都是不对的。看一下美剧《美国警察》就知道,你试图逃跑之后,百分之百是一定会被制服的,另外在追捕当中,警察一定会使用正当的武力。如果你还有幸未被枪杀的话,你至少会承受相当的痛苦和面临远比你之前更糟糕的指控。警察,检察官和法官更愿意宽容一个承认自己犯罪并保持安静的人,而不是一个因为拘捕会让地方官员或无辜市民承担风险的人。

从法律角度上说,不配合逮捕期间只会伤害到你自己和你的辩护。即使在抵抗官员逮捕你时你是一个无辜的人,如果你抵抗逮捕,你就会指控另一个更更容易被证明的罪名。除此之外,抵抗逮捕的行为只会让你看上去是有罪的,无论事实是否如此。

(4) 向官员确认你是否会被逮捕。

如果官员回答“是的”,然后你就会被逮捕。虽然你有权利去知道原因,但请小心询问这些信息,当你被OWI(醉酒驾驶),公共醉酒,或其他任何指控时。因为其中醉酒是犯罪的一个因素,假设你的整个过程是被录像下来的,你口齿不清的状况会成为法院指控你的证据。

如果你是清醒的,并且你愿意的话就警察就会继续问你,这时你应当礼貌的说:“我知道我的权利,我希望我的律师到这之前我不会被继续询问。在这之前,我希望保持沉默。”或者你可以说任何类似这样的话。确保你行使了你的权力,即使之后你被带到监狱,警察给你继续施加压力扬言要给我电话,都不要因为有压力而放弃这个权利。再次重申,在美国的宪法制度下,这样行使您权利的行为不是鲁莽的。

如果官员回答“不是”,之后可以礼貌性的说:“我知道我的权利。如果我没有要被逮捕,那么这个宪法意义的停留询问已经结束了。”这样的情况有些复杂。警察会为了阻止一些人在街上或是阻止一些人在公共道路上驾驶,他们必须有合理的怀疑(指能明确表达的,事实的情况)这个罪行已经或即将成立。另外,警察还需要证明这些阻止行为(和搜身检查)是基于公共安全或是警察安全的原因。提出安全理由的警察,人员上必须是单独的或是少量。临时停留调查发生的当天的时间也要被考虑在内的。

上述内容可能过多的是法律方面。当官员公开的接近你,你要记住的是,他们可以问你一些基本的问题,例如你的姓名,住址,查看你的驾照等等。在大多数情况下,他们或许会搜查你身上。遵从这些要求,但也仅此而已。千万不要抵抗或和官员产生冲突。他们被允许有权去临时停留调查你,但是要在一个“合理的”时间段内。不用因为这个会困惑律师或法官而感到难过。合理性是基于不同情况下的,在某些情况下这段时间或许会变得比较久,也可能会比较短。但是,基本的规则是官员可以拘留你直到说服他们疑虑为止。当这段合理的时间过去后,如果他们还没有找到可行的理由逮捕你,他们就必须让你走。否则,他们就非法拘留了你并侵犯你的第四修正案的权利。

(5) 不要在朋友,家人,或其他任何人提及或询问你时,陈述被指控的罪行。

任何除了对你律师之外的人说过的话,可以并且将会在大多数情况下,在法庭上用来反击你。是否觉得很熟悉,这就是我们所说的米兰达权利。很多时候,所谓的“朋友”关系都会因为执法部门的审问而终结,或者说了你曾说的,你没说过的,或是你干脆同意执法部门所叙述的,或者你同意他们说的你所谓的罪行,如果你曾经告诉过他们。这些,他们就可以在法庭上作证反对你。

无论是在真实的还是虚构的电视节目中,每个人都会看到过这样的场景。官员会抓住嫌疑犯最好的朋友,男女朋友,父母等,并告诉他们,要是他们不说话,他们就会发现自己被关在和嫌疑人一样的房间里。或者官员会威胁说这样会有妨害司法公正的指控。如果你开始与除我之外的任何人谈及有关你法律问题的话,这些情况就确实会发生。用俗话说就是“祸从口出”。

The purpose of this information is to provide some very basic advice to those individuals who find themselves questioned by or accused of a crime by law enforcement. It is not intended as individualized “legal advice” nor should it be construed as creating an attorney-client relationship between us.

With that said, the best advice I can give you is DON’T DO DUMB THINGS. You do not need to know the letter of the law in order to act lawfully. Laws are almost always based on safety and morals. So, if you avoid doing things that put others in danger or that are immoral, you almost always will remain a law-abiding citizen.

Surely you realize that, I provide the above advice strictly from my heart. The truth is that, the more you are in trouble with the law, the more I get paid. If you still are not swayed to stay out of trouble, then follow JON’S 5 THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW WHEN YOU ARE FACING CRIMINAL CHARGES OR QUESTIONING. It will save me and you a ton of headaches and jail time.

Causey & Ye Law offers Criminal Defense representation for a variety of charges, including DUI, OWI, misdemeanors, and felonies. If you have immigrant status and are facing criminal charges, call Causey & Ye Law. Criminal charges can potentially trigger hearings regarding deportation or removal if they are considered a “Crime Involving Moral Turpitude.”  


我们提供这些信息的目的,是为了给出基本的相关法律建议和服务,能够方便在刑事被告方面有问题的人。这并不是针对个人提出“法律意见”, 更不能理解成与我们律所建立起客户关系。

说到这里,我能给出的最好的建议就是“不要做愚蠢的事情”。您不需要知道具体的法律条文也能行为合法。法律总归是基于安全和道德。所以,如果您避免做一些给他人带来危险或不道德的事情,您基本上就是一个合格守法的公民。

当然您会意识到,我是真的从心里给您上述建议。事实上如果您有越多法律上的问题和麻烦,我能得到更多的报酬。如果您始终安分守己,那么当您在面对刑事控告或相关问题时,您需要做到乔恩给你的“当你面临刑事控告时的五件你必须知道的事情”。这些建议能为您和我们律所彼此双方省去许多的麻烦困扰,以及您有可能面临的监狱时间。

考西叶氏联合律所提供多种的刑事辩护,包括酒后驾车,醉酒驾车,轻罪,重罪等。如果您的移民身份受到刑事控告,请给我们考西叶氏联合律所打电话。当他们考虑到“犯罪涉及道德堕落”,刑事控告有可能引发关于驱逐出境的听证会。

(1) DO NOT allow the police to search you or your car or your home voluntarily and without a search warrant. 

Never give law enforcement permission to search you, your property, your car, your house, or anything else that, you have control over, unless they produce a valid warrant issued by a judge. You are not being difficult, rude, or confrontational by asking politely to see a warrant—you are simply exercising your right against unreasonable search and seizure guaranteed by the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. A judge may deny the officers’ request for the warrant because they do not possess enough evidence to justify its issuance, or officers may be on what is called a “fishing expedition,” hoping to find evidence of a crime that you are alleged to have committed.

With the above said, if law enforcement produces a warrant, you have no say in the matter. Allow them to search. If they do not have a warrant and you do not give them permission but they search anyway, do not interfere or resist. Call me and let me do my job to suppress any evidence produced as a result of an illegal search. 

(2) DO NOT give any voluntary statements to law enforcement. 

I am always amazed at the number of people who do not know that, YOU ARE NOT REQUIRED TO TALK TO POLICE WHEN THEY COME TO TALK TO YOU ABOUT A CRIME. So simple, yet so often ignored. In the U.S., YOU HAVE A RIGHT TO REMAIN SILENT. I strongly encourage you to exercise that right until you speak to me. Often what you consider to be an innocent statement, or being helpful, will get twisted and distorted into something that makes you look guilty when you are not.

I am not saying that, if you are truly innocent, you should never provide the police with information to help them solve crimes. You should. Just do it with me by your side, after I have had the opportunity to speak to you in private, evaluate the situation, and advise you of any potential dangers.  

(3) NEVER resist arrest.

This is another spot where I believe I can explain this with a plea to your common sense. Think about it. No matter what you think about your ability to get away, you are wrong. Go watch the show COPS. After you are subdued by absolutely, 100%, justified force applied by the officers, and if you are lucky enough to have not been shot, at a minimum, you will be in pain and facing far worse charges. Cops, prosecutors, and judges are much more likely to go easy on a person who commits a crime and goes quietly than one who places officers and innocent citizens at risk by resisting. 

Legally speaking, being uncooperative during an arrest can only hurt you and your defense. Even if you are innocent of the charge the officers are arresting you for, if you resist arrest you are guilty of another crime that is much easier to prove. Besides, resisting makes you look guilty regardless whether you are or not.

(4) Ask officers if you are under arrest.

If officers reply “YES,” then you are under arrest. Although you have a right to know why, be careful about asking for that information if you are being arrested for OWI, public intoxication, or any other charge where intoxication is an element of the crime. Assume that you are being recorded at all times. Your slurred speech will make its way into court as evidence against you.

If you are sober, go ahead and ask if you wish, then politely say this phrase: “I KNOW MY RIGHTS. I WANT MY LAWYER PRESENT BEFORE ANY QUESTIONING TAKES PLACE. I WISH TO REMAIN SILENT UNTIL THAT TIME.” Or say something similar. Make sure you stick to your guns. Do not crumble under pressure once you are at the jail and officers are dragging their feet calling me. Again, it is not rude to exercise your rights under the U.S. Constitution.

If officers respond “NO,” then politely say this phrase: “I KNOW MY RIGHTS. IF I AM NOT UNDER ARREST, THEN THE CONSTITUITONALITY OF THIS STOP IS OVER.” This situation is a little more complicated. In order to stop someone on the street or to stop someone driving on public roads, officers must have reasonable suspicion (articulable, factual circumstances) that a crime has been or is about to be committed. Additionally, officers need to justify these stops (and pat downs) based on public safety or officer safety reasons. For the officer safety justification to apply, the officer must have been alone or outnumbered. The time of day when the stop occurred is also considered.  

The above may sound a bit too legal for most. What you need to remember is that officers can approach you in public. They can ask you basic questions, i.e. name and address, to see your license, etc. They may also pat you down in most situations. Comply with these requests, but nothing more. Never, however, resist or become belligerent with officers. They are allowed to stop you for a “reasonable” time. Do not feel bad, this is confusing to lawyers and judges as well. Reasonableness is based on the situation. So, it could be longer in some situations, shorter in others. However, the basic rule is that officers can hold you there until they have satisfied their curiosity. After a reasonable time has passed, if they have not found probable cause to arrest, they have to let you go on your way. Otherwise, they have unconstitutionally seized you in violation of your Fourth Amendment Rights. 

(5) NEVER make statements to friends, family members, or other people about the crime you have been charged with or questioned about.

Anything you say to anyone, other than your attorney, can and will, in most situations, be used against you in court. Sound familiar? This is part of what we call Miranda Rights. Many times so-called “friends” end up being interrogated by law enforcement and end up saying you said something you did not say, or simply agree to what law enforcement says you said or might have said regarding an alleged crime. They can then show up in court and testify against you.

Everyone has seen this play out on TV, whether it be a fictional or nonfictional program. Officers drag in their main suspect’s best friend, girlfriend, mom, etc., and tell that person that, if they do not start talking, they will find themselves in the cell with the suspect. Or at a minimum officers threaten obstruction of justice charges. This is literally what will happen if you start talking about your legal troubles to anyone other than me. Consider the old saying “loose lips sink ships” as pure gospel when applied to criminal matters.Type your paragraph here.

Causey & Ye Law, P.L.L.C.

 考西 & 叶氏联合律师事务所